Valuing machinery and equipment is an important process that requires careful assessment and appraisal. In this article, we will break down the steps involved in this valuation process to give you a comprehensive understanding of how it works.

Step 1: Assessment – Establishing the Foundation

The initial step in valuing machinery and equipment is the assessment phase. Here, the appraiser identifies the client, determines the specific items to be appraised, understands the purpose of the appraisal, and defines the intended use and the definition of value. This step lays the foundation for the entire valuation process.

Step 2: Collection – Gathering Relevant Information

During the collection phase, the appraiser diligently gathers all the necessary information related to the valuation. Likewise, the appraiser performs tasks such as identifying and classifying each equipment asset. Furthermore, specific characteristics like serial number, manufacturer, and hours/miles of usage are meticulously described for comprehensive documentation. Accurate and detailed information is vital for an accurate valuation.

Step 3: Application – Selecting the Appropriate Approach

In the application step, the appraiser determines which of the three approaches to valuation should be used: the sales comparison approach, the cost approach, or the income approach. The appraiser applies each approach based on the specific requirements of the valuation at hand, considering their individual merits. Subsequently, the chosen approach is applied to the machinery and equipment being appraised.

Step 4: Valuation – Determining Market Value

Using the approach selected in step 3, the appraiser develops an opinion of the market value for the machinery and equipment. This valuation takes into consideration various factors, including market conditions, the condition of the assets, and comparable sales data. The appraiser’s expertise and experience play a crucial role in accurately determining the market value.

Step 5: Wrap-Up – Delivering the Appraisal Report

In the final step, the appraiser compiles all the findings and conclusions into an appraisal report, following the guidelines outlined in Standard 8 of the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP). The report includes relevant details about the valuation process, the methodology used, and the final market value opinion. The appraiser delivers the appraisal report to the client identified in Step 1 after making any necessary reconciliations.


While this step-by-step guide provides a general overview of the valuation process, it’s important to note that each case is unique and may require additional considerations. However, understanding these fundamental steps will give you a solid understanding of how machinery and equipment valuation works.

NEBB upholds the highest standards of professional ethics in the field of machinery and equipment appraisal. It offers comprehensive education, ongoing support, and a global network for professionals involved in appraisal and brokerage.  Be a part of a community of appraisers certified to value tangible personal property, particularly machinery and equipment. Check out NEBB’s free self-paced trial today.

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